Worm-like exploit message for Facebook Messenger app on Android

A friend click by mistake on a message like the following at the Facebook Messenger app on Android, resulting on this same message being sent to all his Facebook friends:

image

When I received it, of course I didn’t click it, since it uses a short url and an icon (says “Look what I found for you…” in Greek). So first I used http://checkshorturl.com/ to resolve that short URL from http: //1lnk.site/yKH0f (without the space char of course) into

https: //storage.googleapis.com/media.landbot.io/197057/
                                           channels/49AOXJY43UC0VEAOFLKXFPBEGSHEZ4QP.htm
 

Then used 
curl theUrl > out.txt
syntax on the Windows 10 command line which output a file named out.txt with this content:

<meta property="og:title" content="https://www.youtube.com/&quot; />
< meta property="og:image" content="https://www.youtube.com/&quot; />
< meta name="robots" content="https://www.youtube.com/"/&gt;
< meta name="robots" content="https://www.youtube.com/"/&gt;
< meta name="robots" content="https://www.youtube.com/"/&gt;
< meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache"/>

Then using curl again I resolved the script src url from the above HTML snippet into the following HTML page which is a bit strange since one would expect a Javascript to be brought in. Not sure what a browser does when HTML (possibly containing script itself) is passed to a “script” tag, would expect it to fail.

There’s a chance it’s detecting the HTTP client used via the Windows command-line “curl” command (probably an alias to Invoke-WebRequest rather than the full curl on my Windows version) and returning some other content than it did originally. Notice the “api=1” and “lan=facebooknew” there (not sure "what “ht=1” is for), maybe that URL returns exploit payloads for various services and it returned by mistake some phishing page for BBCi this time? The result is included below. Won’t bother to look more into it.

< !DOCTYPE html>
< html lang="es" id="responsive-news">
< head  prefix="og: http://ogp.me/ns#">
    < meta charset="utf-8">
    < meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
    < title>Noticias – BBC Mundo</title>
    < meta name="description" content="BBC Mundo le presenta una selección de contenidos y acontecimientos más importantes de la actualidad. Las últimas noticias e información en materia internacional, sobre América Latina, tecnología, ciencia, salud, economía. Fotos y videos.">

    <link rel="dns-prefetch" href="https://ssl.bbc.co.uk/">
    < link rel="dns-prefetch" href="http://sa.bbc.co.uk/">
    < link rel="dns-prefetch" href="http://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/">
    < link rel="dns-prefetch" href="http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/">

    <meta name="x-country" content="do">
    < meta name="x-audience" content="International">
    < meta name="CPS_AUDIENCE" content="International">
    < meta name="CPS_CHANGEQUEUEID" content="106776575">
    < link rel="canonical" href="http://www.bbc.com/mundo">

                <meta property="og:title" content="Noticias – BBC Mundo" />
    < meta property="og:type" content="website" />
    < meta property="og:description" content="BBC Mundo le presenta una selección de contenidos y acontecimientos más importantes de la actualidad. Las últimas noticias e información en materia internacional, sobre América Latina, tecnología, ciencia, salud, economía. Fotos y videos." />
    < meta property="og:site_name" content="BBC Mundo" />
    < meta property="og:locale" content="es_CO" />
    < meta property="article:author" content="https://www.facebook.com/bbcnews" />
    < meta property="article:section" content="Noticias" />
    < meta property="og:url" content="http://www.bbc.com/mundo" />
    < meta property="og:image" content="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2015/newsspec_11063/mundo_1024x576.png" />

    <meta name="twitter:card" content="summary_large_image">
    < meta name="twitter:site" content="@bbcmundo">
    < meta name="twitter:title" content="Noticias – BBC Mundo">
    < meta name="twitter:description" content="BBC Mundo le presenta una selección de contenidos y acontecimientos más importantes de la actualidad. Las últimas noticias e información en materia internacional, sobre América Latina, tecnología, ciencia, salud, economía. Fotos y videos.">
    < meta name="twitter:creator" content="@bbcmundo">
    < meta name="twitter:image:src" content="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2015/newsspec_11063/mundo_1024x576.png">
    < meta name="twitter:image:alt" content="BBC Mundo" />
    < meta name="twitter:domain" content="www.bbc.com">

    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {"@context":"http:\/\/schema.org","@type":"WebPage","url":"http:\/\/www.bbc.com\/mundo","publisher":{"@type":"Organization","name":"BBC Mundo","logo":{"@type":"ImageObject","url":"http:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/news\/special\/2015\/newsspec_11063\/mundo_1024x576.png"}},"description":"BBC Mundo le presenta una selecci\u00f3n de contenidos y acontecimientos m\u00e1s importantes de la actualidad. Las \u00faltimas noticias e informaci\u00f3n en materia internacional, sobre Am\u00e9rica Latina, tecnolog\u00eda, ciencia, salud, econom\u00eda. Fotos y videos.","name":"Noticias – BBC Mundo"}
    </script>

                < meta property=’fb:pages’ content=’81395234664′>
                   
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-title" content="BBC News">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon-precomposed" sizes="57×57"    href="http://static.bbci.co.uk/news/1.206.01880/apple-touch-icon-57×57-precomposed.png">
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             <h2 class="group-title off-screen ">
   
    Principales noticias
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         <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41030680" class="title-link">
           
            <h3 class="title-link__title">
                
                < span class="title-link__title-text">Qué es la Séptima Flota, la fuerza de guerra naval más grande de EE.UU., y qué hay detrás de los misteriosos accidentes que ha sufrido en los últimos meses</span>
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                    < img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/A789/production/_97498824_gettyimages-97793105.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="El Blue Ridge" width="976" height="549" />
                   
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                 <p class="buzzard__summary">Sus barcos, equipados con tecnología de última generación, han sufrido cuatro choques en el último año. ¿Cómo la flota más grande de EE.UU., la que controla una de las zonas más estratégicas del mundo, se volvió la menos segura de toda la Armada?</p>
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                     <li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503577934" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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                < li class="links-list__item"><a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-40995800" class="links-list__link"> Desaparecidos 10 tripulantes de un destructor lanzamisiles de Estados Unidos que colisionó con un buque petrolero</a></li>
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        <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41030680" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Qué es la Séptima Flota, la fuerza de guerra naval más grande de EE.UU., y qué hay detrás de los misteriosos accidentes que ha sufrido en los últimos meses</a>
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                <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41043859" class="title-link">
                   
                    <h3 class="title-link__title">
                        
                        < span class="title-link__title-text">Los detalles de misiles balísticos &quot;secretos&quot; que Corea del Norte reveló &quot;accidentalmente&quot; en una foto</span>
                    </h3>
                </a>                    <p class="dove-item__summary">En una foto de una visita de Kim Jong-un a una academia militar se observan detalles sobre su programa nuclear. Son dos misiles de combustible sólido que, hasta ahora, no han sido probados. Sin embargo, para los especialistas, la gran preocupación no es el armamento que Corea del Norte muestra, sino el que oculta.</p>

                <div class="dove-item__info-list">

                    <ul class="mini-info-list">
                        < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503597762" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41043859" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Los detalles de misiles balísticos &quot;secretos&quot; que Corea del Norte reveló &quot;accidentalmente&quot; en una foto</a>
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                <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41044819" class="title-link">
                   
                     <h3 class="title-link__title">
                        
                        < span class="title-link__title-text">La inyección letal experimental y otras dos cosas que hacen inusual la ejecución de un supremacista blanco en Florida</span>
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                </a>                    <p class="dove-item__summary">Aunque más de 1.400 personas fueron ejecutadas en Estados Unidos desde 1976, la de Mark James Asay, antiguo miembro de un grupo supremacista blanco tatuado con una esvástica, supone un punto de inflexión en la historia de la pena capital en el país. Te contamos por qué.</p>

                <div class="dove-item__info-list">

                    <ul class="mini-info-list">
                        < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503614704" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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                    < li class="links-list__item"><a href="http://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias/2014/07/140725_eeuu_pena_muerte_metodos_en" class="links-list__link"> EE.UU.: ¿existen maneras compasivas de aplicar la pena de muerte?</a></li>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41044819" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> La inyección letal experimental y otras dos cosas que hacen inusual la ejecución de un supremacista blanco en Florida</a>
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            <div class="dove-item__body">
                 <a href="/mundo/noticias-41038433" class="title-link">
                   
                    <h3 class="title-link__title">
                       
                        < span class="title-link__title-text">5 simples consejos para caminar más todos los días (y así mejorar tu salud)</span>
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                </a>                    <p class="dove-item__summary">Cambiar algunos hábitos de nuestra vida diaria puede ser más fácil de lo que crees y aporta enormes beneficios. Y caminar es una de las actividades más fáciles, populares y baratas. Te explicamos cómo realizar los 10 minutos de caminada rápida que podrían ayudarte a estar más sano.</p>

                <div class="dove-item__info-list">

                    <ul class="mini-info-list">
                        < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503585548" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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                <h4 class="off-screen"></h4>
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                    < li class="links-list__item"><a href="/mundo/deportes-37777095" class="links-list__link"> Los mejores ejercicios para después de una lesión en las piernas</a></li>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41038433" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> 5 simples consejos para caminar más todos los días (y así mejorar tu salud)</a>
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                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503616390" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">¿Donald Trump puede perdonar la condena al polémico exalguacil Joe Arpaio vía Twitter?</span>
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                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503632316" data-datetime="25 agosto 2017">25 agosto 2017</div></li>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41045889" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> ¿Donald Trump puede perdonar la condena al polémico exalguacil Joe Arpaio vía Twitter?</a>
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                         <span class="title-link__title-text">El lujoso autobús que es como un hotel rodante y pretende sustituir los vuelos de media distancia en Estados Unidos</span>
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                     <li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503583839" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41032177" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> El lujoso autobús que es como un hotel rodante y pretende sustituir los vuelos de media distancia en Estados Unidos</a>
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                            <!–[if lt IE 9]>
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">La impresionante imagen de Antares, la estrella agonizante que se está convirtiendo en supernova</span>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41037591" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> La impresionante imagen de Antares, la estrella agonizante que se está convirtiendo en supernova</a>
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    <a href="http://www.bbc.com/mundo/media/video" class="group-title__link">Videos</a>
   
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                            < span class="badge-text-only badge-text-only–duration">2:22</span>
 
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                    < span class="off-screen">Video 2:22</span>
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">&quot;Me violaron a los 10 años pero aprendí a perdonar&quot;: las historias de superación de las hijas de prostitutas del &quot;barrio rojo&quot; de Bombay</span>
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                <a href="/mundo/media-41012238" class="title-link">
                    < span class="off-screen">Video 1:26</span>
                    <h3 class="title-link__title">
                        
                        < span class="title-link__title-text">La vendedora ambulante que se convirtió en modelo famosa al salir por casualidad en una foto con el rapero Tinie Tempah</span>
                    </h3>
                </a>                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                     <li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503398987" data-datetime="22 agosto 2017">22 agosto 2017</div></li>
                </ul>
            </div>
             <a href="/mundo/media-41012238" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> La vendedora ambulante que se convirtió en modelo famosa al salir por casualidad en una foto con el rapero Tinie Tempah</a>
        </div>
< /div>

       
    </div>

                                                                                           

    <div id="comp-special-event-news-1" class="distinct-component-group container-budgie">
       
            < div class="budgie sparrow-container">
    < div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
             <div class="budgie__image">
                < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                         <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/A117/production/_97493214_r.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Raqqa"></div>
                        <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                         <img src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/A117/production/_97493214_r.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Raqqa" width="976" height="549" />
                        <![endif]–>
                   
                </div>
             </div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41022937" class="title-link">
                
                <h3 class="title-link__title">
                    
                    < span class="title-link__title-text">“No puede haber un peor sitio en la Tierra que Raqqa”</span>
                </h3>
            </a>                <p class="budgie__summary">     </p>
            < div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                     <li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503550913" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41022937" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> “No puede haber un peor sitio en la Tierra que Raqqa”</a>
    </div>
< /div>

       
    </div>

                                                                                           

    <div id="comp-special-features-1" class="distinct-component-group container-skylark skylark-no-padding">
        
            <h2 class="group-title ">
   
    Destacamos
</h2>
  < div class="skylark faux-block-link">
    < div class="skylark-item" >
            < div class="skylark__image">
                 <div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                    
                        < div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/05DC/production/_97500510_gettyimages-835086044.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Una agente de los Mossos d’Esquadra, junto a bombonas de butano almacenadas"></div>
                         <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                        < img src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/05DC/production/_97500510_gettyimages-835086044.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Una agente de los Mossos d’Esquadra, junto a bombonas de butano almacenadas" width="976" height="549" />
                         <![endif]–>
                   
                </div>
            </div>
        <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41031915" class="title-link">
           
            <h3 class="title-link__title">
               
                < span class="title-link__title-text">Qué es la &quot;madre de Satán&quot;, el mortífero explosivo casero con el que los yihadistas querían atentar contra importantes monumentos de Barcelona</span>
            </h3>
        </a>        <div class="skylark__body">
                <p class="skylark__summary">  </p>
             <div class="skylark__info-list">
                < ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503519833" data-datetime="23 agosto 2017">23 agosto 2017</div></li>
                 </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
        <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41031915" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Qué es la &quot;madre de Satán&quot;, el mortífero explosivo casero con el que los yihadistas querían atentar contra importantes monumentos de Barcelona</a>
    </div>
  </div>

       
    </div>

                                                                                           

    <div id="comp-special-event-vj-overflow" class="distinct-component-group container-budgie">
       
             <div class="budgie sparrow-container">
    < div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
            < div class="budgie__image">
                <div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                        < div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/90F6/production/_97501173_mediaitem97501169.jpg" data-width="640" data-height="360" data-alt="Harvey"></div>
                         <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                        < img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/90F6/production/_97501173_mediaitem97501169.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Harvey" width="640" height="360" />
                        <![endif]–>
                   
                </div>
             </div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41043349" class="title-link">
                
                <h3 class="title-link__title">
                    
                    < span class="title-link__title-text">Alerta en Texas ante la llegada de Harvey que se espera toque tierra como un huracán capaz de provocar muertes e inundaciones devastadoras</span>
                </h3>
            < /a>                <p class="budgie__summary">  </p>
            <div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503619887" data-datetime="25 agosto 2017">25 agosto 2017</div></li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41043349" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Alerta en Texas ante la llegada de Harvey que se espera toque tierra como un huracán capaz de provocar muertes e inundaciones devastadoras</a>
    </div>
     <div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
            < div class="budgie__image">
                < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                         <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/17868/production/_97506369_gettyimages-837964410.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Galaxy Note 8"></div>
                        <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                        < img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/17868/production/_97506369_gettyimages-837964410.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Galaxy Note 8" width="976" height="549" />
                        <![endif]–>
                    
                </div>
            </div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41037171" class="title-link">
               
                <h3 class="title-link__title">
                   
                     <span class="title-link__title-text">Cómo es Galaxy Note 8, el teléfono con el que Samsung espera hacer olvidar el mayor fiasco de su historia</span>
                </h3>
            </a>                <p class="budgie__summary">    </p>
            <div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503576813" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/noticias-41037171" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Cómo es Galaxy Note 8, el teléfono con el que Samsung espera hacer olvidar el mayor fiasco de su historia</a>
    </div>
    < div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
             <div class="budgie__image">
                < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                        < div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/2A8B/production/_97519801_de27.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Mavis Wanczyk"></div>
                        <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                        < img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/2A8B/production/_97519801_de27.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Mavis Wanczyk" width="976" height="549" />
                         <![endif]–>
                   
                 </div>
            </div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41034771" class="title-link">
               
                <h3 class="title-link__title">
                   
                    < span class="title-link__title-text">Esta es Mavis Wanczyk, la mujer que ganó US$758 millones en la Powerball, el mayor premio individual en la historia de la lotería en EE.UU.</span>
                </h3>
            </a>                <p class="budgie__summary">  </p>
            < div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503600489" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
                 </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/noticias-41034771" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Esta es Mavis Wanczyk, la mujer que ganó US$758 millones en la Powerball, el mayor premio individual en la historia de la lotería en EE.UU.</a>
    </div>
     <div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
            < div class="budgie__image">
                < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                         <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/473F/production/_97493281_gettyimages-161610011.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Japoneses celebrando"></div>
                        <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                        < img src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/473F/production/_97493281_gettyimages-161610011.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Japoneses celebrando" width="976" height="549" />
                        <![endif]–>
                   
                </div>
            < /div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/vert-cap-40964286" class="title-link">
               
                 <h3 class="title-link__title">
                   
                    < span class="title-link__title-text">Ikigai: la palabra japonesa que puede tener la clave de la felicidad en la vida y en el trabajo</span>
                </h3>
             </a>                <p class="budgie__summary">  </p>
             <div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503501771" data-datetime="23 agosto 2017">23 agosto 2017</div></li>
                < /ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/vert-cap-40964286" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Ikigai: la palabra japonesa que puede tener la clave de la felicidad en la vida y en el trabajo</a>
     </div>
    < div class="budgie-item faux-block-link" >
             <div class="budgie__image">
                < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                   
                         <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/3590/production/_97521731_ff5c5639-1468-4e66-9cbd-dde8e5fdbe37.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="La copa de la Champions League"></div>
                        <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                         <img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/3590/production/_97521731_ff5c5639-1468-4e66-9cbd-dde8e5fdbe37.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="La copa de la Champions League" width="976" height="549" />
                        <![endif]–>
                   
                </div>
            </div>

        <div class="budgie__body">
            <a href="/mundo/deportes-41042698" class="title-link">
               
                 <h3 class="title-link__title">
                   
                     <span class="title-link__title-text">Barcelona-Juventus / Real Madrid-Dortmund: así quedaron los grupos y partidos de la Champions League 2017/2018</span>
                </h3>
             </a>                <p class="budgie__summary">  </p>
            < div class="budgie__info">

                <ul class="mini-info-list">
                    < li class="mini-info-list__item"><div class="date date–v2" data-seconds="1503594220" data-datetime="24 agosto 2017">24 agosto 2017</div></li>
                 </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/deportes-41042698" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Barcelona-Juventus / Real Madrid-Dortmund: así quedaron los grupos y partidos de la Champions League 2017/2018</a>
    </div>
< /div>

       
    </div>

                                                                                           

    <div id="comp-digest" class="distinct-component-group container-pukeko">
       
            <h2 class="group-title ">
   
   
< /h2>
< div class="pukeko pukeko–0">
        < div class="pukeko-item pukeko-item–stacked pukeko-item–light faux-block-link" >
            < div class="pukeko-item__inner">
                    < div class="pukeko-item__image">
                        <div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                           
                                 <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/6D12/production/_97522972_ed8c2adc-8389-4ee3-8239-fd89b835940b.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Oficina de Conatel"></div>
                                 <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                                 <img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/6D12/production/_97522972_ed8c2adc-8389-4ee3-8239-fd89b835940b.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Oficina de Conatel" width="976" height="549" />
                                <![endif]–>
                            
                        </div>
                     </div>
                < div class="pukeko-item__body">
                         <span class="off-screen"> </span>
                             <a href="/mundo/america_latina" class="pukeko-item__section">América Latina</a>
                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-america-latina-41045242" class="title-link">
                        
                        <h3 class="title-link__title">
                           
                             <span class="title-link__title-text">El gobierno de Venezuela prohíbe la señal de las colombianas Caracol Televisión y RCN &quot;por llamados al magnicidio&quot;</span>
                         </h3>
                    </a>
                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-america-latina-41045242" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> El gobierno de Venezuela prohíbe la señal de las colombianas Caracol Televisión y RCN &quot;por llamados al magnicidio&quot;</a>
                     <p class="pukeko-item__summary">La Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (Conatel), el organismo público que regula las telecomunicaciones, ordenó la salida de los servicios de cable de Caracol TV y RCN alegando que colaboraron a difundir un mensaje que &quot;incitaba al magnicidio&quot; del presidente Nicolás Maduro. Para Juan Manuel Santos, las autoridades venezolanas actúan &quot;cada vez más como una dictadura&quot;.</p>
                 </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        < div class="pukeko-item pukeko-item–stacked pukeko-item–light faux-block-link" >
            < div class="pukeko-item__inner">
                     <div class="pukeko-item__image">
                         <div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                            
                                < div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/AC9E/production/_97509144_p01h12j2.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Valerie Plame Wilson"></div>
                                <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                                 <img src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/AC9E/production/_97509144_p01h12j2.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Valerie Plame Wilson" width="976" height="549" />
                                <![endif]–>
                            
                        </div>
                     </div>
                < div class="pukeko-item__body">
                         <span class="off-screen"> </span>
                             <a href="/mundo/internacional" class="pukeko-item__section">Internacional</a>
                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-41037179" class="title-link">
                        
                        <h3 class="title-link__title">
                            
                            < span class="title-link__title-text">Quién es la exagente de la CIA Valerie Plame Wilson y por qué quiere comprar Twitter</span>
                         </h3>
                    </a>
                     <a href="/mundo/noticias-41037179" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Quién es la exagente de la CIA Valerie Plame Wilson y por qué quiere comprar Twitter</a>
                    <p class="pukeko-item__summary">Trabajó para la agencia de espionaje de EE.UU. durante dos décadas pero en 2005 se vio obligada a renunciar. Ahora, la exoficial está de nuevo en el punto de mira del gobierno: quiere comprar &quot;el megáfono de Donald Trump&quot;. Y pretende hacerlo con el dinero de sus ciudadanos.</p>
                </div>
            < /div>
        </div>
        < div class="pukeko-item pukeko-item–stacked pukeko-item–light faux-block-link" >
            < div class="pukeko-item__inner">
                    < div class="pukeko-item__image">
                        < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                           
                                 <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/C3D8/production/_97263105_gettyimages-477745710.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Cubanas usan su celular en La Habana."></div>
                                <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                                 <img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/C3D8/production/_97263105_gettyimages-477745710.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Cubanas usan su celular en La Habana." width="976" height="549" />
                                 <![endif]–>
                           
                         </div>
                    </div>
                < div class="pukeko-item__body">
                        < span class="off-screen"> </span>
                            <a href="/mundo/topics/31684f19-84d6-41f6-b033-7ae08098572a" class="pukeko-item__section">Tecnología</a>
                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-america-latina-40868707" class="title-link">
                        
                        <h3 class="title-link__title">
                           
                            < span class="title-link__title-text">IMO, por qué esta poco conocida aplicación es un éxito masivo en Cuba</span>
                         </h3>
                    </a>
                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-america-latina-40868707" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> IMO, por qué esta poco conocida aplicación es un éxito masivo en Cuba</a>
                     <p class="pukeko-item__summary">No es una exageración. Algunos cubanos lograron ver a sus familiares que viven fuera de la isla después de años gracias a una aplicación de videollamadas. IMO, que puede ocupar 100 veces menos espacio en el celular que Whatsapp, se convirtió desde hace unos años en una sensación en Cuba.</p>
                </div>
            </div>
         </div>
        < div class="pukeko-item pukeko-item–stacked pukeko-item–light faux-block-link" >
            < div class="pukeko-item__inner">
                    < div class="pukeko-item__image">
                        < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                           
                                 <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/D16F/production/_97251635_mediaitem97251633.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Una niña con el brazo enyesado"></div>
                                 <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                                 <img src="https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/D16F/production/_97251635_mediaitem97251633.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Una niña con el brazo enyesado" width="976" height="549" />
                                <![endif]–>
                            
                        </div>
                     </div>
                < div class="pukeko-item__body">
                        <span class="off-screen"> </span>
                             <a href="/mundo/topics/c4794229-7f87-43ce-ac0a-6cfcd6d3cef2" class="pukeko-item__section">Salud</a>
                     <a href="/mundo/vert-fut-40860931" class="title-link">
                       
                        <h3 class="title-link__title">
                           
                             <span class="title-link__title-text">¿Podría el vidrio ser el mejor material para reparar huesos rotos?</span>
                         </h3>
                    </a>
                     <a href="/mundo/vert-fut-40860931" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> ¿Podría el vidrio ser el mejor material para reparar huesos rotos?</a>
                     <p class="pukeko-item__summary">Puede que no parezca un material obvio, pero doctores en Reino Unido están llegando a la conclusión de que podría ser ideal: puede doblarse, puede rebotar y hasta combatir las infecciones.</p>
                < /div>
            </div>
        </div>
        < div class="pukeko-item pukeko-item–stacked pukeko-item–light faux-block-link" >
            < div class="pukeko-item__inner">
                     <div class="pukeko-item__image">
                        < div class="responsive-image responsive-image–16by9">
                            
                                < div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/10626/production/_97501176_gettyimages-91246174.jpg" data-width="2048" data-height="1152" data-alt="Amazonía"></div>
                                 <!–[if lt IE 9]>
                                 <img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/10626/production/_97501176_gettyimages-91246174.jpg" class="js-image-replace" alt="Amazonía" width="2048" height="1152" />
                                <![endif]–>
                            
                        </div>
                    < /div>
                < div class="pukeko-item__body">
                         <span class="off-screen"> </span>
                             <a href="/mundo/topics/0f469e6a-d4a6-46f2-b727-2bd039cb6b53" class="pukeko-item__section">Ciencia</a>
                     <a href="/mundo/noticias-america-latina-41041775" class="title-link">
                       
                        <h3 class="title-link__title">
                           
                             <span class="title-link__title-text">&quot;Es el peor ataque a la Amazonía en casi medio siglo&quot;: la polémica apertura a la minería de una valiosa reserva natural de Brasil</span>
                        </h3>
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                            <a href="/mundo/topics/6a73afa3-ea6b-45c1-80bb-49060b99f864" class="pukeko-item__section">Sociedad y Cultura</a>
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                    <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41032097" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Quién es Peter Madsen, el inventor al que acusarán del asesinato de Kim Wall, la periodista sueca cuyo torso apareció mutilado en Dinamarca</a>
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                     <div class="js-delayed-image-load" data-src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/200/cpsprodpb/18217/production/_97493889__97486389_petreuters2.jpg" data-width="976" data-height="549" data-alt="Perro"></div>
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                        <![endif]–>
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                <a href="/mundo/noticias-41024862" class="title-link">
                   
                    <h3 class="title-link__title">
                        < span class="icon-new icon-new–camera"></span>
                        < span class="title-link__title-text">Las extravagantes imágenes de perros y gatos en sesiones de acupuntura</span>
                    </h3>
                </a>                    <p class="parakeet-lead-item__summary">Esta terapia tradicional china está ganando cada vez más adeptos entre los dueños de mascotas, que aseguran que el método ayuda a los animales que sufren males y dolores crónicos.</p>
            </div>
        </div>

        <a href="/mundo/noticias-41024862" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"> Las extravagantes imágenes de perros y gatos en sesiones de acupuntura</a>
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            <div class="parakeet-item__body">
                <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41004659" class="title-link">
                    
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">Las espectaculares imágenes que dejó el eclipse solar total que cruzó a Estados Unidos de extremo a extremo</span>
                    </h3>
                </a>                    <p class="parakeet-item__summary">  </p>
            < /div>

            <a href="/mundo/noticias-internacional-41004659" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true">   Las espectaculares imágenes que dejó el eclipse solar total que cruzó a Estados Unidos de extremo a extremo</a>
         </div>
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                            <![endif]–>
                        
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">El hombre que se tatuó un catéter en la cabeza para apoyar a su hija que padece una rara enfermedad</span>
                     </h3>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-41001349" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true">   El hombre que se tatuó un catéter en la cabeza para apoyar a su hija que padece una rara enfermedad</a>
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                     <span class="off-screen">Fotos</span>
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                         <span class="title-link__title-text">Nosotros proponemos el tema, tú mandas las fotos</span>
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            <a href="/mundo/noticias-40979415" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true">   Nosotros proponemos el tema, tú mandas las fotos</a>
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                            <![endif]–>
                       
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                 <a href="/mundo/noticias-40984491" class="title-link">
                   
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                        < span class="title-link__title-text">Las primeras y raras fotografías de un eclipse total de sol de 1854 conservadas como un tesoro en EE.UU.</span>
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                </a>                    <p class="parakeet-item__summary"> </p>
             </div>

            <a href="/mundo/noticias-40984491" class="faux-block-link__overlay-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true">   Las primeras y raras fotografías de un eclipse total de sol de 1854 conservadas como un tesoro en EE.UU.</a>
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HowTo: Reboot remote Windows computer with unresponsive RDP

I recently had an issue with an older Windows Server 2008 R2 server that couldn’t logout which had resulted to Remote Desktop not connecting to it anymore (not even with the “admin session” option). Luckily I had an admin go and physically cycle its power since it was a physial one without any lower level control available.

When the same issue occured at its twin machine, I decided before asking for another physical intervention to first try various other ways to reboot it remotely (e.g. via Windows Shutdown command and via the Computer Management console), but to no avail.

Eventually what worked was SysInternals PsShutdown tool. The syntax I used was:

PsShutdown –u AdminUserName –p AdminPassword –f –r \\MachineIPaddress

According to its command-line reference:

-u
Specifies optional user name for login to remote computer.

-p
Specifies optional password for user name. If you omit this you will be prompted to enter a hidden password.

-f
Forces all running applications to exit during the shutdown instead of giving them a chance to gracefully save their data.

-r
Reboot after shutdown.

I could maybe have used

-o
Logoff the console user.

instead of –r, but it didn’t help when I first tried without the –f option.

Guess if I had passed –f too in the first place with –o it might have worked, but it never hurts to do a reboot, unless you have any critical services you’re not sure will restart correctly. However, I would worry more about such a thing on a Unix machine rather than on a Windows one where periodic rebooting usually gives a “breath of fresh air” to the OS.

Most probably some application was preventing logoff, however I’d expect Remote Desktop / Terminal Service to be more robust in such a case.

Fix: javascript location.hash throttling issue with IFrame

I had implemented a simple (and most importantly working in older browsers too) way of communication between an IFrame and its parent page via location.replace(“#” + hash), which doesn’t add entries to history like location.hash=… does, and the onhashchange event, when I noticed Edge-Chromium was throwing a “Throttling navigation to prevent the browser from hanging.” error and the lon/lat fields I had on my test page wheren’t updating anymore when I was dragging quickly for a while my location picker marker on an OpenLayers map. If I released the marker and tried after a sec it was starting working again.

image

     

since the URL shown in the error message redirects to some page that has permission denied, I looked up a discussion that explained the “–disable-ipc-flooding-protection” Chromium switch to turn off that protection, however I was not having any loop in my code that was mentioned in that discussion as probable cause.
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/55925936/angular-7-throttling-navigation-to-prevent-the-browser-from-hanging

On Firefox there was a similar error but with other message:

image

Searching about it I read about the “debouncing” concept (to avoid flooding some API with consequtive requests too fast/often) at

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/45236692/angular-and-observale-how-to-avoid-multiple-requests-to-api-within-a-given-time

and

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/35991867/angular-2-using-observable-debounce-with-http-get

And ended up finding a simple implementation of it at

https://medium.com/@griffinmichl/implementing-debounce-in-javascript-eab51a12311e

that I adapted to run in older browsers (like IE11) too:

function debounce(func, wait) {
  var timeout;
  return function() {
    var context = this;
    var args = arguments;
    clearTimeout(timeout); //clear previous scheduled execution if still pending
    timeout = setTimeout(function() { func.apply(context, args); }, wait);
  }
}

function setLocationHash(hash) {
    window.location.replace("#" + hash); //don’t set window.location.hash directly, adds entries to browser history
}

setLocationHashDebounced = debounce(setLocationHash, 20);
    //this will make sure any setLocationHash calls that occur within 20msec replace any pending ones (all are timed to execute in steps of 20msec)

//…

function markersUpdated(otherLocations) { //callback
    theOtherLocations = otherLocations;
    if (theOtherLocations.length > 0) {
        var hash = theOtherLocations[0].toString();
        setLocationHashDebounced(hash);
    }
}

function hashChanged() {
    var hash = window.location.hash.substring(1);
    if (hash.length > 0) {
        var hashParts = hash.split(‘,’);
        if (hashParts.length >= 2){
            var location = [hashParts[0], hashParts[1]]; //[lon, lat]
            map_addOtherMarker(location); //Note: this will just move selected marker if existing and otherLocations.length = _maxOtherLocations > 0
             if (hashParts.length >= 3 && hashParts[2] == "zoom")
                 zoomToLocation(location);
        }
    }
}

Fix: WordPress not detecting updates, wp_options table corruption

I have been trying recently to troubleshoot a WordPress website that was not detecting available core and plugin updates. So I installed WordPress Debug Bar plugin and after enabling WP_DEBUG in wp-config.php I could open the Debug menu from the WordPress admin bar and see some errors being logged.

image

At the wp-content/wp-debug.log file that I had enabled to log wordpress errors, I could see entries like the following (in mixed Greek/English):

   
[26-Jan-2021 13:15:10 UTC] Σφάλμα Duplicate entry ‘113343’ for key ‘wp_options.PRIMARY’ βάσης δεδομένων WordPress για αίτηση INSERT INTO `wp_options` (`option_name`, `option_value`, `autoload`) VALUES (‘wt_cli_start_date’, ‘1611666910’, ‘yes’) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `option_name` = VALUES(`option_name`), `option_value` = VALUES(`option_value`), `autoload` = VALUES(`autoload`) από require(‘wp-load.php’), require_once(‘wp-config.php’), require_once(‘wp-settings.php’), include_once(‘/plugins/cookie-law-info/cookie-law-info.php’), run_cookie_law_info, Cookie_Law_Info->__construct, Cookie_Law_Info->load_dependencies, require_once(‘/plugins/cookie-law-info/includes/class-cookie-law-info-review_request.php’), Cookie_Law_Info_Review_Request->__construct, Cookie_Law_Info_Review_Request->check_condition, Cookie_Law_Info_Review_Request->reset_start_date, update_option, add_option

Checking the wp_options table with phpMyAdmin I didn’t see it having an option_id with such a value so I opened up the definition for that table from the sidebar and it seems PRIMARY is an index on that table, while the key is option_id as I originally though.

image

Did a new search on it and found this article

MySQL – Fix Error – WordPress Database Error Duplicate Entry for key PRIMARY for Query INSERT INTO wp_options – SQL Authority with Pinal Dave

from a guy I already trusted due to other nice articles on databases. It was as it seems a database corruption (guess the index is corrupted) and running

REPAIR TABLE wp_options

was enough to fix it.

So via phpMyAdmin’s SQL Code tab I executed that simple SQL command and suddenly Wordpess could find core and plugin updates again:

image

HowTo: install multiple Corel Painter brushpacks silently

I got a nice expression software charity bundle with Corel Painter 2020 (current version is 2021) and a bunch of brushes in it and then noticed that the brush packs where available for download as separate installers than the Painter software.

So I launched one of the brush pack installers from the command-line (can give CMD and press enter at the address bar of the file explorer window to open command-line in the current folder) with a /? parameter to see its syntax:

e:\brushpack_abstract_windows.exe /?

image

Then I created a batch file to loop over all the brush_* installer files using the following commands in the console (press ENTER after each one). The for loop executes each brush pack installer from the same folder passing parameters for silent mode (/S /v/qn), as instructed by the dialog above:

copy con PainterInstallBrushes.bat
@for %%f in (brushpack_*) do %%f /S /v/qn

^Z

The last one (^Z) means Press CTRL+Z (then press ENTER for that line too). It signifies the end-of-file / input. We were inputing/copying keystrokes from the console (CON) into the file PainterInstallBrushes.bat (note that if the file exists you’re asked to overwrite it as soon as you copy the 1st line into it, but you still have to press CTRL+Z and ENTER to end input).

To avoid having to press Yes at repeated security dialogs (due to User Access Control [UAC] being activated), I opened an administrator command-prompt (can give CMD at Windows search and right click the found cmd.exe and select to open it as administrator), then executed the batch file (E: goes to drive E, CD \Corel.com goes to Corel.com folder under E: drive root)

c:\windows\system32> e:
e:\somefolder> cd \Corel.com
e:\Corel.com> PainterInstallBrushes.bat

e:\Corel.com>PainterInstallBrushes.bat

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_abstract_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_alcoholink_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_bristly_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_bubbles_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_drytexture_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_feather_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_fireworks_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_gesturalillustration_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_mangaii_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_michellewebbmasterpack_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_nature_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_perfectpets_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_popart_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_rain_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_rake_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_rustandpatina_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_scrape_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_stipple_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_suminagashi_windows.exe /S /v/qn

e:\Corel.com>brushpack_sunnyrays_windows.exe /S /v/qn

An alternative way to using the command-line would have been to create the batch (.bat) file with a text editor in the same folder as the brush pack installers, then right click it and select to run it as an administrator from the popup menu.

HowTo: Extract numeric suffix from a string in Python

I recently needed to extract a numeric suffix from a string value in Python. Initially I did the following:

import re

def extractNumSuffix(value):

    return (None if (search:=re.search(‘^\D*(\d+)$’, value, re.IGNORECASE)) is None else search.group(1))

Note that return has a single-line expression.

So

print(extractNumSuffix("test1030"))

prints 1030

Tried it online at:

https://repl.it/languages/python3

extractNumSuffix

However, then I found out that Assignment Expressions in Python only work from Python 3.8 and up, so I changed it to this one:

import re

def extractNumSuffix(value):
    search=re.search(r"^\D*(\d+)$", value, re.IGNORECASE)
    return (None if search is None else search.group(1))

which should work in Python 2.x too. Don’t forget to import the regular expressions (re) module.

HowTo: Install Python, PIP and cx_Oracle on MSYS2 / Windows

Here’s how to install Python, PIP package installer and cx_Oracle extension module on MSYS2:

$ pacman -S python
warning: python-3.8.3-1 is up to date — reinstalling
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (1) python-3.8.3-1

Total Installed Size:  108.66 MiB
Net Upgrade Size:        0.00 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y

$ pacman -S cx_Oracle
error: target not found: cx_Oracle

$ pip install cx_Oracle
bash: pip: command not found

$ pacman -S python-pip
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (2) python-setuptools-47.1.1-1  python-pip-20.1.1-1

Total Download Size:    2.22 MiB
Total Installed Size:  10.91 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y
:: Retrieving packages…

$ pip install cx_Oracle
Collecting cx_Oracle
  Downloading cx_Oracle-8.0.0.tar.gz (325 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 325 kB 693 kB/s
Using legacy setup.py install for cx-Oracle, since package ‘wheel’ is not installed.
Installing collected packages: cx-Oracle
    Running setup.py install for cx-Oracle … error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: /usr/bin/python3.exe -u -c ‘import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = ‘"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’; __file__=’"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘"’"’open’"’"’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘"’"’\r\n’"’"’, ‘"’"’\n’"’"’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘"’"’exec’"’"’))’ install –record /tmp/pip-record-mui2mjs9/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile –install-headers /usr/include/python3.8/cx-Oracle
         cwd: /tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/
    Complete output (17 lines):
    running install
    running build
    running build_ext
    building ‘cx_Oracle’ extension
    creating build
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/src
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/odpi
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/odpi/src
    x86_64-pc-msys-gcc -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -DCXO_BUILD_VERSION=8.0.0 -Iodpi/include -Iodpi/src -I/usr/include/python3.8 -c src/cxoApiType.c -o build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/src/cxoApiType.o
    In file included from src/cxoModule.h:14,
                     from src/cxoApiType.c:11:
    /usr/include/python3.8/Python.h:44:10: fatal error: crypt.h: No such file or directory
       44 | #include <crypt.h>
          |          ^~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.
    error: command ‘x86_64-pc-msys-gcc’ failed with exit status 1
    —————————————-
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: /usr/bin/python3.exe -u -c ‘import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = ‘"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’; __file__=’"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘"’"’open’"’"’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘"’"’\r\n’"’"’, ‘"’"’\n’"’"’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘"’"’exec’"’"’))’ install –record /tmp/pip-record-mui2mjs9/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile –install-headers /usr/include/python3.8/cx-Oracle Check the logs for full command output.

Found a solution here for other Linuxes, mentioning

apt install python-dev clang libcrypt-dev

Via MSYS2 package manager (pacman), libcrypt and libcrypt-devel seem to be available. The second one should fetch the first one if needed, together with header files for development.

$ pacman -S libcrypt-devel
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (1) libcrypt-devel-2.1-2

Total Download Size:   0.04 MiB
Total Installed Size:  0.04 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y

Now we can install cx_Oracle succesfully:

$ pip install cx_Oracle
Collecting cx_Oracle
  Using cached cx_Oracle-8.0.0.tar.gz (325 kB)
Using legacy setup.py install for cx-Oracle, since package ‘wheel’ is not installed.
Installing collected packages: cx-Oracle
    Running setup.py install for cx-Oracle … done
Successfully installed cx-Oracle-8.0.0

Using cross-platform fswatch utility for monitoring file system changes

I was just looking for a way to monitor for file system changs in a cross-platform way.

After searching the answers at a related question on StackExchange and the ones at the other question mentioned as possible duplicate in that question’s comments, I think I’d go with fswatch since it is has cross-platform support. Contributed the following answer to collect info I gathered on fswatch.

It uses different kinds of monitors for different OS and can choose the appropriate one automatically, or allow one to specify which one to use and even pass custom platform-specific parameters to the respective monitor.

The list of monitors it currently supports is:

· A monitor based on the File System Events API of Apple OS X.

· A monitor based on kqueue, an event notification interface introduced in FreeBSD 4.1 and supported on most *BSD systems (including OS X).

· A monitor based on inotify, a Linux kernel subsystem that reports file system changes to applications.

· A monitor based on File Events Notification, a Solaris/Illumos kernel API that reports file events.

· A monitor based on ReadDirectoryChangesW, a Microsoft Windows API that reports changes to a directory.

· A monitor which periodically stats the file system, saves file modification times in memory and manually calculates file system changes, which can work on any operating system where stat (2) can be used.

It seems to be available via apt-get on Debian/Ubuntu Linuxes. See how to install via apt-get and use fswatch.

FreeBSD and OS-X package-based installation support for fswatch is provided by its author.

Can also build and install it at other OSes, found an article+video showing how to make and install fswatch on CentOS.

There is also an other article that shows the same manual process to build/install (and use) fswatch for Linux.

Windows-based package-based installation support doesn’t seem to be available yet (e.g. no package for Chocolatey yet, and no package for Vcpkg)

There is also extensive documentation for fswatch, though docs for the latest 1.5 version point to 1.4 ones currently. See how to convert commands for fswatch 0.x to fswatch 1.x

Tips for manually choosing a monitor (currently not updated to mention all monitors)

Read about fswatch usage here, here and here and a tutorial intro here

A library named libfswatch is kept in sync with the fswatch tool. See here and a newer doc here. Note that the library is versioned differently from fswatch utility itself. Specifically, the 1.14.0 library doc states:

"libtool’s versioning scheme is described by three integers: current:revision:age.

· current is the most recent interface number implemented by the library.

· revision is the implementation number of the current interface.

· age is the difference between the newest and the oldest interface that the library implements.

Beware that there is also another similar s/w called fswatch (that is go-related I think).

Python rstrip and whitespace

Was just reading

https://www.w3schools.com/python/ref_string_rstrip.asp

which says

The rstrip() method removes any trailing characters (characters at the end a string), space is the default trailing character to remove.

Notes:

1) the chars param was added at Python 2.2.3, can’t use it at older versions as noted at

https://docs.python.org/2.6/library/string.html

string.rstrip(s[, chars])
Return a copy of the string with trailing characters removed. If chars is omitted or None, whitespace characters are removed. If given and not None, chars must be a string; the characters in the string will be stripped from the end of the string this method is called on.

Changed in version 2.2.3: The chars parameter was added. The chars parameter cannot be passed in earlier 2.2 versions.

2) from the official doc and other docs too I read the default is to remove whitespace characters, not just the space char:

https://python-reference.readthedocs.io/en/latest/docs/str/rstrip.html

chars
Optional. String specifying the set of characters to be removed. If omitted or None, the chars argument defaults to removing whitespace. The chars argument is not a prefix; rather, all combinations of its values are stripped.

Not sure what is considered whitespace in various Python versions though. At least in Python2 it wasn’t removing \r in both Solaris and MSYS2 (a POSIX environment on Windows) where I just tried.

For example, I was just debugging some program that was working in Python 3, but in Python 2 it was moving the cursor to the start of the line when printing a raw_input prompt with some string it had read before…
…the issue proved to be that it was opening a file with ‘r’ mode instead of ‘rU’ which is universal newlines mode – https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0278/ – converts \r\n to \n – and it seems that rstrip was failing to remove the \r from the end of those strings.

In Python 3 it was either using the universal newlines mode by default and thus stripping the \r from strings while reading from the file, or the rstrip was removing \r too in Python3, but I guess it was the 1st case (didn’t do any more check since the universal newlines read file open mode fixed the issue in Python 2 for me).

Speaking of that, I wonder whether Python considers whitespace differently on Windows and on Unixes (aka having [l/r]strip commands remove \r on the 1st but not on the 2nd case), which would be an extra complexity when writing portable s/w.

HowTo: make raw_input & input work the same in both Python 2 and 3

Was just trying to make a Python 2 script work in Python 3 and at first it seemed I just needed a small change to add missing parentheses to the argument of a couple of print statements.

But then another issue came up, it wasn’t understanding the command raw_input(somePrompt) that was occuring at various places in that file to input text from the console.

Various solutions were proposed at

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/954834/how-do-i-use-raw-input-in-python-3/62825723

but I think I came up with a cleaner looking solution that works in both Python2 and Python3, that should allow one to use either raw_input or input in both Python2 and Python3 with the semantics of Python2’s raw_input (aka the semantics of Python3’s input).

# raw_input isn't defined in Python3.x, whereas input wasn't behaving 
# like raw_input in Python 2.x. This should make both input and raw_input 
# work in Python 2.x/3.x like the raw_input from Python 2.x 
try: input = raw_input
except NameError: raw_input = input

In practice this came up from ideas at other answers on that SO thread. It tries to define input as raw_input which should fail in Python3.x since raw_input is undefined. In that case it will catch a NameError exception and do the reverse, aka define raw_input as input. However in Python2 the first command should execute fine, overriding the insecure input of Python2.x to work the same as raw_input (not trying to interpret input strings that is). Actually that is what Python 3.x input does.

Wonder why they didn’t declare it like that in the first place though, breaking compilation of Python2 programs. After all semantically only Python2 programs that were using the old insecure input would have an issue, not those that were using raw_input which is the semantics Python3 promotes with its newer input.

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