Archive

Posts Tagged ‘Styles’

ASP.net WebPartZone skins and CSS

I was just examining a MonoX portal skin that our designer is authoring for the ClipFlair platform and noticed that in the Default.skin file, there’s a note pointing to http://support.microsoft.com/kb/911717 that speaks of an issue with Microsoft’s implementation of WebPartZone skins:

There it says:

The CssClass property does not affect the following style objects:

•The MenuLabelHoverStyle property
•The MenuPopupStyle property
•The MenuVerbHoverStyle property
•The MenuVerbStyle property
•The MenuCheckImageStyle property

Do not use the following line of code:

<MenuPopupStyle CssClass="wp_menupopup" />

while having a Stylesheet.css file with the following code:

.wp_menupopup
{
  background-color:Red  
}

Instead, use the following line of code:

<MenuPopupStyle backcolor="red" />

In short, at the Default.skin file one can give a CssClass and then define the styles at Stylesheet.css, but for MenuPopupStyle, MenuVerbHoverStyle, MenuVerbStyle and MenuCheckImageStyle this doesn’t work and you have to enter the object properties that correspond to the CSS attributes you want (e.g. background property of ASP.net for the background-color CSS attribute) directly into the Default.skin file for the respective objects.

BTW, the aformentioned Microsoft article speaks of Stylesheet.css, while MonoX template uses Default.css. This is because the ASP.net theming engine applies all .css files it finds in the theme folder (independent of filename), as explained at http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ykzx33wh.aspx. That last Microsoft article has lots of useful information regarding Themes and how you can (optionally) combine them with CSS and on issues like scoping, precedence, security etc.

Advertisements

How to crash Visual Studio 2010 via (Silverlight) XAML recursion bug

Following up on a note about Visual Studio 2010 crashing at my previous post, this is the XAML that crashes VS2010 when opened up in a Silverlight project:

<UserControl x:Class="SilverlightApplication1.MainPage"
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation&quot;
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml&quot;
  xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008&quot;
  xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006&quot;
  mc:Ignorable="d"
  d:DesignHeight="300" d:DesignWidth="400">

  <UserControl.Resources>
    <ResourceDictionary>
       <Style x:Key="MyStyle" TargetType="StackPanel">
         <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,5,0,5" />
       </Style>
    </ResourceDictionary>
  </UserControl.Resources>

  <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">

    <Grid.Resources>
      <Style TargetType="StackPanel">
         <Setter Property="Style" Value="{StaticResource MyStyle}" /> <!– THIS LINE CRASHES VISUAL STUDIO (EVEN WHEN YOU TRY TO TYPE IT IN) –>
      </Style>
     </Grid.Resources>

   <StackPanel/>

  </Grid>

</UserControl>

This crashes VS2010 upon loading, because it tries to show the XAML page in the designer. I created that XAML in Notepad++ since when I was trying to type the problematic line (marked in the XAML above) it crashed VS2010 immediately before I managed to save.

BTW, you should use the XAML syntax I suggested at my previous post that uses Style inheritance instead (although it would be nice if you could do for any node <X CloneSource=…/> for any XAML node to copy its attributes and values from a same-typed node instance in some resource etc. instead of relying on the node supporting some mechanism like Style does with BasedOn [that is Style Inheritance]).

<Grid.Resources>
   <Style TargetType="StackPanel" BasedOn="{StaticResource MyStyle}" />
</Grid.Resources>

 

Speaking of crashes, VS2010 should be more clever and if it sees a certain file caused a crash (assuming it has info on file being loaded upon or just before crash), the next time of opening the solution it should warn the user against opening that file (to avoid a new crash that stops one from loading the solution).

 

Note that I tried to open up the XAML file standalone in Visual Studio and it says:

Style object is not allowed to affect the Style property of the object to which it applies.
   at System.Windows.Setter.Seal()
   at System.Windows.SetterBaseCollection.Seal()
   at System.Windows.Style.Seal()
   at System.Windows.StyleHelper.UpdateStyleCache(FrameworkElement fe, FrameworkContentElement fce, Style oldStyle, Style newStyle, Style& styleCache)
   at System.Windows.FrameworkElement.OnStyleChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
   at System.Windows.DependencyObject.OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
   at System.Windows.FrameworkElement.OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
   at System.Windows.DependencyObject.NotifyPropertyChange(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs args)
   at System.Windows.DependencyObject.UpdateEffectiveValue(EntryIndex entryIndex, DependencyProperty dp, PropertyMetadata metadata, EffectiveValueEntry oldEntry, EffectiveValueEntry& newEntry, Boolean coerceWithDeferredReference, Boolean coerceWithCurrentValue, OperationType operationType)
   at System.Windows.DependencyObject.InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty dp)
   at System.Windows.FrameworkElement.UpdateStyleProperty()
   at System.Windows.TreeWalkHelper.InvalidateOnTreeChange(FrameworkElement fe, FrameworkContentElement fce, DependencyObject parent, Boolean isAddOperation)
   at System.Windows.FrameworkElement.ChangeLogicalParent(DependencyObject newParent)
   at System.Windows.FrameworkElement.AddLogicalChild(Object child)
   at System.Windows.Controls.UIElementCollection.AddInternal(UIElement element)
   at System.Windows.Controls.UIElementCollection.Add(UIElement element)
   at System.Windows.Controls.UIElementCollection.System.Collections.IList.Add(Object value)
   at Microsoft.Expression.DesignModel.InstanceBuilders.ClrObjectInstanceBuilder.InstantiateChildren(IInstanceBuilderContext context, ViewNode viewNode, DocumentCompositeNode compositeNode, Boolean isNewInstance)

Probably it loads it into an implicit WPF project. So is this some issue with Silverlight 5 XAML loading only? And if so isn’t this a potential exploit against Silverlight apps/plugin (if they allow XAML to be passed to them that is)?

It would be interesting to fix the test solution manually to not try to load the XAML file at startup, then build it and run it to see if it crashes the Silverlight plugin, the web browser, or whatever other side-effects it causes that might be exploitable.

This issue has been submitted to Microsoft at https://connect.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/feedback/details/753211/xaml-editor-window-fails-with-catastrophic-failure-when-a-style-tries-to-set-style-property. I have attached a test Silverlight project there (should be available for download soon [takes a while] from issue details)

HowTo: Load a XAML ResourceDictionary from a .NET assembly

Copying here my answer at:

http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/wpf/thread/11a42336-8d87-4656-91a3-275413d3cc19

What seems to work for me is the following (copying from the source code of http://ClipFlair.codeplex.com [check out the FlipPanel project under “Client” subfolder])

note

I’m using Build Action = "Page" and Custom Tool="MSBuild:Compile" at the properties of Themes\DropDownTheme.xml and Themes\RotateHorizontalTheme.xaml, as was for Themes\Generic.xaml. Seems to work OK (probably this is faster at runtime compared to setting Build Action to Resource and telling it to not build it)

according to http://stackoverflow.com/questions/145752/what-are-the-various-build-action-settings-in-vs-net-project-properties-and-wh the Build Action = "Page" compiles the XAML into BAML (this seems to also apply to Silverlight 5)

* FlipPanel project, Themes\Generic.xaml

<ResourceDictionary
 xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 xmlns:local="clr-namespace:FlipPanel;assembly=FlipPanel">
 
  <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
    <ResourceDictionary 
Source="/FlipPanel;component/Themes/RotateHorizontalTheme.xaml" /> </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
<Style TargetType="local:FlipPanel"> <Setter Property="Template"
Value="{StaticResource FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalTemplate}"/> </Style> </ResourceDictionary>

* FlipPanel Project, Themes\RotateHorizontalTheme.xaml

<ResourceDictionary
 xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 xmlns:local="clr-namespace:FlipPanel;assembly=FlipPanel">
 
  <ControlTemplate x:Key="FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalTemplate" 
TargetType="local:FlipPanel"> <Grid> ... </Grid> </ControlTemplate> <Style x:Key="FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalStyle" TargetType="local:FlipPanel"> <Setter Property="Template"
Value="{StaticResource FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalTemplate}"/> </Style> </ResourceDictionary>

* FlipPanel Project, Themes\DropDownTheme.xaml

<ResourceDictionary
 xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 xmlns:local="clr-namespace:FlipPanel;assembly=FlipPanel">
 
  <ControlTemplate x:Key="FlipPanel_DropDownTemplate" 
TargetType="local:FlipPanel"> <Grid> ... </Grid> </ControlTemplate> <Style x:Key="FlipPanel_DropDownStyle" TargetType="local:FlipPanel"> <Setter Property="Template"
Value="{StaticResource FlipPanel_DropDownTemplate}"/> </Style> </ResourceDictionary>

* FlipPanel.Silverlight.Demo project, FlipPanelTest.xaml

<UserControl x:Class="FlipPanelTest.FlipPanelTest"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
    xmlns:flip="clr-namespace:FlipPanel;assembly=FlipPanel" >
 
  <UserControl.Resources>
    <ResourceDictionary>
      <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        <ResourceDictionary 
Source="/FlipPanel;component/Themes/RotateHorizontalTheme.xaml" /> <ResourceDictionary
Source="/FlipPanel;component/Themes/DropDownTheme.xaml" /> </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
</ResourceDictionary> </UserControl.Resources> <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White" Width="400"> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="300"></RowDefinition> <RowDefinition Height="300"></RowDefinition> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <flip:FlipPanel x:Name="panel1" Grid.Row="0" BorderBrush="DarkOrange"
BorderThickness="3" CornerRadius="4" Margin="10" Background="White"
Template="{StaticResource FlipPanel_DropDownTemplate}" >
<!-- Style="{StaticResource FlipPanel_DropDownStyle}" -->
<flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <StackPanel Margin="6"> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkOrange"
>This is the front side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button One"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Two"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Three"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Four"></Button> </StackPanel> </flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> <Grid Margin="6"> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="Auto"></RowDefinition> <RowDefinition></RowDefinition> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkMagenta"
>This is the back side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Grid.Row="2" Margin="3" Padding="10"
Content="Flip Back to Front" HorizontalAlignment="Center"
VerticalAlignment="Center" Click="cmdFlip1_Click"></Button> </Grid> </flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> </flip:FlipPanel> <flip:FlipPanel x:Name="panel2" Grid.Row="1" BorderBrush="DarkOrange"
BorderThickness="3" CornerRadius="4" Margin="10" Background="White"
Template="{StaticResource FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalTemplate}" >
<!-- Style="{StaticResource FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalStyle}" -->
<flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <StackPanel Margin="6"> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkOrange"
>This is the front side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button One"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Two"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Three"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Four"></Button> </StackPanel> </flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> <Grid Margin="6"> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="Auto"></RowDefinition> <RowDefinition></RowDefinition> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkMagenta"
>This is the back side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Grid.Row="2" Margin="3" Padding="10"
Content="Flip Back to Front" HorizontalAlignment="Center"
VerticalAlignment="Center" Click="cmdFlip2_Click"></Button> </Grid> </flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> </flip:FlipPanel>
<flip:FlipPanel x:Name="panel3" Grid.Row="2" BorderBrush="DarkOrange"
BorderThickness="3" CornerRadius="4" Margin="10" Background="White" >
<!-- using default style here -->
<flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <StackPanel Margin="6"> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkOrange"
>This is the front side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button One"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Two"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Three"></Button> <Button Margin="3" Padding="3" Content="Button Four"></Button> </StackPanel> </flip:FlipPanel.FrontContent> <flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> <Grid Margin="6"> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="Auto"></RowDefinition> <RowDefinition></RowDefinition> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <TextBlock TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="3" FontSize="16"
Foreground="DarkMagenta"
>This is the back side of the FlipPanel.</TextBlock> <Button Grid.Row="2" Margin="3" Padding="10"
Content="Flip Back to Front" HorizontalAlignment="Center"
VerticalAlignment="Center" Click="cmdFlip2_Click"></Button> </Grid> </flip:FlipPanel.BackContent> </flip:FlipPanel>



</Grid> </UserControl>

 

Note that I decided to prefix names with "FlipPanel_", not sure if there’s some better way (using XAML namespaces somehow) to avoid any conflicts when merging the dictionaries and resolving the resouces with "{StaticResource …}"

Also note that in each theme file I also provide a Style (that sets the corresponding Template property of the FlipPanel conrol) that one can use instead of using the Template directly. At that Style more FlipPanel control properties could be set to values appropriate for that template (the template defines a skeleton and the style dresses the pirate [skeleton] as somebody cleverly pointed out).

Note that Generic.xaml merges and uses the templat from one of the themes. Couldmake copies of files similar to Generic.xaml and reference the same template but with different values in the Style for other properties to make variations without resorting to Copy/Paste when multiple Themes use the same Template but restyle it a bit.

Another important note is that at Generic.xaml you must not use x:Key="FlipPanel_DefaultStyle" or anyother key at the default style, or the command

        public FlipPanel()
        {
            DefaultStyleKey = typeof(FlipPanel);
        }

won’t load the default style (which is needed when you don’t provide a Template or Style value at the consumer XAML (FlipPanelTest.xaml). Probably one can modify it to load a style by name instead of just by type (probably the issue was that it found multiple named styles applying to that type [both FlipPanel_RotateHorizontalStyle and FlipPanel_DefaultStyle] in the Generic.xaml), but removing the Key and using an unnamed style seems to do the trick.

%d bloggers like this: