Home > Posts > HowTo: Install Python, PIP and cx_Oracle on MSYS2 / Windows

HowTo: Install Python, PIP and cx_Oracle on MSYS2 / Windows

Here’s how to install Python, PIP package installer and cx_Oracle extension module on MSYS2:

$ pacman -S python
warning: python-3.8.3-1 is up to date — reinstalling
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (1) python-3.8.3-1

Total Installed Size:  108.66 MiB
Net Upgrade Size:        0.00 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y

$ pacman -S cx_Oracle
error: target not found: cx_Oracle

$ pip install cx_Oracle
bash: pip: command not found

$ pacman -S python-pip
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (2) python-setuptools-47.1.1-1  python-pip-20.1.1-1

Total Download Size:    2.22 MiB
Total Installed Size:  10.91 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y
:: Retrieving packages…

$ pip install cx_Oracle
Collecting cx_Oracle
  Downloading cx_Oracle-8.0.0.tar.gz (325 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 325 kB 693 kB/s
Using legacy setup.py install for cx-Oracle, since package ‘wheel’ is not installed.
Installing collected packages: cx-Oracle
    Running setup.py install for cx-Oracle … error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: /usr/bin/python3.exe -u -c ‘import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = ‘"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’; __file__=’"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘"’"’open’"’"’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘"’"’\r\n’"’"’, ‘"’"’\n’"’"’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘"’"’exec’"’"’))’ install –record /tmp/pip-record-mui2mjs9/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile –install-headers /usr/include/python3.8/cx-Oracle
         cwd: /tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/
    Complete output (17 lines):
    running install
    running build
    running build_ext
    building ‘cx_Oracle’ extension
    creating build
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/src
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/odpi
    creating build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/odpi/src
    x86_64-pc-msys-gcc -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe -DCXO_BUILD_VERSION=8.0.0 -Iodpi/include -Iodpi/src -I/usr/include/python3.8 -c src/cxoApiType.c -o build/temp.msys-3.1.5-x86_64-3.8/src/cxoApiType.o
    In file included from src/cxoModule.h:14,
                     from src/cxoApiType.c:11:
    /usr/include/python3.8/Python.h:44:10: fatal error: crypt.h: No such file or directory
       44 | #include <crypt.h>
          |          ^~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.
    error: command ‘x86_64-pc-msys-gcc’ failed with exit status 1
    —————————————-
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: /usr/bin/python3.exe -u -c ‘import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = ‘"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’; __file__=’"’"’/tmp/pip-install-wqtzv2rv/cx-Oracle/setup.py’"’"’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘"’"’open’"’"’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘"’"’\r\n’"’"’, ‘"’"’\n’"’"’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘"’"’exec’"’"’))’ install –record /tmp/pip-record-mui2mjs9/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile –install-headers /usr/include/python3.8/cx-Oracle Check the logs for full command output.

Found a solution here for other Linuxes, mentioning

apt install python-dev clang libcrypt-dev

Via MSYS2 package manager (pacman), libcrypt and libcrypt-devel seem to be available. The second one should fetch the first one if needed, together with header files for development.

$ pacman -S libcrypt-devel
resolving dependencies…
looking for conflicting packages…

Packages (1) libcrypt-devel-2.1-2

Total Download Size:   0.04 MiB
Total Installed Size:  0.04 MiB

:: Proceed with installation? [Y/n] y

Now we can install cx_Oracle succesfully:

$ pip install cx_Oracle
Collecting cx_Oracle
  Using cached cx_Oracle-8.0.0.tar.gz (325 kB)
Using legacy setup.py install for cx-Oracle, since package ‘wheel’ is not installed.
Installing collected packages: cx-Oracle
    Running setup.py install for cx-Oracle … done
Successfully installed cx-Oracle-8.0.0

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